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The truth behind filter bubbles: Bursting some myths | Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk
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echo chambers and filter bubbles are slightly different... echo chambers could be a result of filtering or ... other processes, but filter bubbles have to be the result of algorithmic filtering...people main source of news roughly equal ... online and television... TV is more likely... people over 45. People under 45 are more likely to get their n…

Unpacking the Four Fallacies That Broke the News
medium.com
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four bad assumptions reverberated through the media industry that stifled innovation and represented a big bet on the status quo, enriching tech monopolies at the expense of publishers... here are the four fallacies that broke the news... in the market for information, the truth was the best product ... an invisible hand would nudge the truth to …

03/06/2019
The EU elections are next week. Fake news is not the problem | WIRED UK
www.wired.co.uk
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Information operations are rarely about changing the things people believe, but changing the way they feel. Anger and fear are not things we can correct with better facts... accounts run by ... Internet Research Agency, or IRA... shared [news from] some of the biggest, most reputable news organisations in the world... rhythmic, regular sharing o…

28/05/2019
Polarisation and the news media in Europe
reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk
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report reviews and summarises the recent available literature connecting polarisation and the news media...key findings...: little evidence that increased exposure to news featuring like-minded or opposing views leads to the widespread polarisation of attitudes... some studies found both can strengthen attitudes of minority who already hold stron…

Newsrooms are finally focusing on loyalty over pageviews. Here’s how to actually measure it. – Poynter
www.poynter.org
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we need to lock on our analytics to the people who willfully return to our work... There’s no one single metric that tells you how loyal... your audience is.... The Center for Cooperative Media ... audience explorer dashboard... plugs into Google Analytics... splits audiences into “Brand Lovers,” “Prospective Loyalists” and “Casual,”... free and e…

Why Fears of Fake News Are Overhyped – Reasonable Doubt – Medium
medium.com
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many of the initial conclusions ...about the scope of fake news consumption, and its effects on our politics, were exaggerated or incorrect. Relatively few people consumed this form of content directly during the 2016 campaign, and even fewer did so before the 2018 election. Fake news consumption is concentrated among a narrow subset of Americans …

Fighting fake news is a losing battle, but there are other ways to win the war.
mondaynote.com
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the next iteration of technology applied to politics will be a huge leap forward with a greater ability to target people... address each of the 156 million of registered voters on the US with personalized messages.... a falsehood delivered in a personalized way is likely to be more efficient but less visible than a blatant lie put on Twitter; it w…

Understanding Media and Information Quality in an Age of Artificial Intelligence, Automation…
medium.com
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Technology has altered the foundations of news and media, and as trust in media continues to decline, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and algorithms have come to play a critical role not only as threats to the integrity and quality of media, but also as a source of potential solutions. The core threats to information quality associated …

Complicating the Narratives – The Whole Story
thewholestory.solutionsjournalism.org
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talk-show hosts like journalists ... know how to grab the brain’s attention and stimulate fear, sadness or anger.... We value the ancient power of storytelling, and we get that good stories require conflict, characters and scene. But in the present era of tribalism, it feels like we’ve reached our collective limitations... I met psychologists, med…

How we’re measuring the success of Trusting News strategies
medium.com
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Let’s take a look at the Trusting News approach to measurement.... partner newsrooms selected two to five strategies ... a good fit for their mission, goals and audience. They also selected which platforms, mediums or methods of communication ... Anywhere journalists communicate with their audience, we want to inject trust-building messages... …

28/03/2018
What The Guardian has learned trying to build a more intelligent story format — one that knows what you know » Nieman Journalism Lab
www.niemanlab.org

there’s an appetite for ... the Smarticle ... story format designed for mobile ... meet readers where they are in their knowledge of a developing story by only presenting them with the elements that are most useful to them

He Predicted The 2016 Fake News Crisis. Now He's Worried About An Information Apocalypse.
www.buzzfeed.com
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“We are so screwed it's beyond what most of us can imagine... And depending how far you look into the future it just gets worse.”... a slew of slick, easy-to-use, and eventually seamless technological tools for manipulating perception and falsifying reality... They’re running war game–style disaster scenarios based on technologies that have begun …

10 Myths about Fake News
medium.com
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So tackling fake news can mean doing something you should not do in the first place about something you cannot define. And this is a very slippery road to follow.

09/02/2018
How Twitter Bots and Trump Fans Made #ReleaseTheMemo Go Viral - POLITICO Magazine
www.politico.com
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The vote marked the culmination of a targeted, 11-day information operation that was amplified by computational propaganda techniques and aimed to change both public perceptions and the behavior of American lawmakers...Computational propaganda... the use of [ICTs] to manipulate perceptions, affect cognition, and influence behavior”... #releaset…

10 reasons why Americans don’t trust the media – Trust, Media and Democracy – Medium
medium.com
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Americans believe that the media have an important role to play in our democracy — yet they don’t see that role being fulfilled... Here are 10 findings that stood out to us:

06/02/2018
Stop Calling It Fake News. – Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast
hkspolicycast.org
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it just felt like the conversations that we were having subsequently were actually pretty shallow and actually pretty useless, because we were talking over each other because everybody meant different things... we can only really start talking about interventions if we understand what we’re talking about... I say, “Please don’t use the term.” “Yea…

I trained fake news detection AI with >95% accuracy, and almost went crazy
towardsdatascience.com
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We made a fake news detector with above a 95% accuracy (on a validation set) that uses machine learning and Natural Language Processing that you can download here. In the real world, the accuracy might be lower... we decided to just try and scrape domains that were known fake, real, satire, etc. and see if we could build a data set quickly... Th…

NQS Project
www.newsqualityscoring.com

The News Quality Scoring (NQS) will combine quality journalism content with new machine learning algorithms... as batch of stories enter the platform, they are scored on a 1-5 scale ... quality ... automatically and in real time.... Quantifiable Signals ... look at structure and patterns of the HTML page, advertising density, use of visual eleme…

Why publishers should consider the “Smart Curation” market
mondaynote.com
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One of the applications of The News Quality Scoring platform I’m currently working at the John S. Knight Fellowship at Stanford is to foster curation processes, using a feature I call “Smart Curation.”... relies on current machine learning techniques... like Word2vec or, GloVe ... used in the development of the News Quality Scoring Project

01/02/2018
How we used gamification to conduct audience research.
medium.com
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How do we convert users playing the game into users who would complete the survey?... take our readers on a visual journey around the world so they could explore where a news story happened. As a payoff, for every correct answer, the user would collect a stamp in their virtual passport... opted to follow an interesting take on the minimal viable p…

Blockchain browser Brave makes push to reward content makers
techcrunch.com
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an ecosystem that rewards publishers in a new kind of way... to disrupt the current financial norms of online publishing... reward users for browsing the web... make advertising less intrusive and more relevant... let readers ... ‘tip’ websites that they visit based on time spent on the site.

13/12/2017
Bias, Bullshit and Lies: Audience Perspectives on Low Trust in the Media | Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk

Even in a world where people increasingly get news from social media, the professional news media is still seen as largely to blame for low trust... Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism examines the underlying reasons for trust and distrust ...Bias, spin and hidden agendas come across as the main reasons...perceived decline in journalisti…

Once considered a boon to democracy, social media have started to look like its nemesis
www.economist.com
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“We wanted democracy... but got mobocracy.”... Bots generated one out of every five political messages posted on Twitter in America’s presidential campaign last year... “we need to reform our attention economy.”... groups which had mostly been excluded from the mainstream media... developed the dark arts they would use to further their agendas..…

All the news that’s fit for you: The New York Times is experimenting with personalization to find new ways to expose readers to stories » Nieman Journalism Lab
www.niemanlab.org

small experiments aimed at customizing that story selection to the individual reader, based on a variety of signals... where readers are located... the last time a reader visits the site. If,... publishes a particularly enterprising story on a Monday, but a reader doesn’t visit ... after that story has left the homepage ... personalize the user’s…

The real fake news
medium.com
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Financial incentive is key to Silverman’s understanding of fake news, which he defines as online misinformation that is completely false, created to deceive and economically motivated. If online misinformation is being created for ideological reasons it’s propaganda... delegitimising legitimate journalism... through delegitimising organisations t…

Platforms wield a worrying amount of power over news and information. Can a more decentralized web help? » Nieman Journalism Lab
www.niemanlab.org

platforms like Facebook have ... amassed unprecedented gatekeeping powers ... Can new decentralized systems with no single point of control... be a remedy? A new report ... concludes that “protecting the future of speech online involves not only these ambitious experiments in decentralization, but the cultivation of an ecosystem of competing publi…

Fake News in Social Networks
arxiv.org
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exposing agents to the possibility of fake news can be an effective way to curtail the spread of fake news in social networks. Our results also highlight that information about the users' private beliefs and their social network structure can be extremely valuable to adversaries and should be well protected.

Using social media appears to diversify your news diet, not narrow it » Nieman Journalism Lab
www.niemanlab.org

our analysis shows that social media use is clearly associated with incidental exposure to additional sources of news ... with more politically diverse news diets... The algorithms, of course, continually change... More sources does not necessarily mean more diverse... the majority in most countries and in most groups do not use sources from a…

What an academic hoax can teach us about journalism in the age of Trump » Nieman Journalism Lab
www.niemanlab.org

Alan Sokal attempted to prove that the influence of postmodern ways of thinking in the humanities had reached the point where academic nonsense was indistinguishable from academic sense. As a physicist, Sokal found writing about science to be particularly offensive... Sokal was conducting an experiment to see if “a leading North American journal o…

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