First a definition of (the importance of) "Interoperability – the thing Facebook uses to slurp stuff in from the open web – is the key to self-determination." Without it:
Hence the tangle of anti-interoperability rules - aka “intellectual property”, not an honest term as they are "very different legal regimes....:
But "IP" has become "any law that I can invoke that allows me to control the conduct of my competitors, critics, and customers.” For example: when you bypass "DRM to get your printer to accept third-party ink ... you’re not reproducing its code... [or] duplicating ... its chips... [and] you’re not breaking copyright when you jailbreak your phone ... [but] you’re still breaking copyright law. The law bans legal conduct... This isn’t copyright protection – it’s felony contempt of business-model."
This despite the fact that these laws have clauses to ensure they're not abused:
These clauses, however, require competition in the market: rivals preventing a company from abusing IP law. Decades of consolidation and lobbying have resulted in "what trademark permits, copyright prohibits, and what copyright permits, patent blocks".
Interestingly, what we now call “IP” used to be called “author’s monopolies.”, and the author of an article does have a monopoly: "a market for a product with only one seller. Author’s monopolies, however, are not “market power monopolies” - someone with enough market power to set prices. But entertainment industry monopolies "can aggregate enough “author’s monopolies” in one place... creating a market power monopoly backed by the power of the courts".
Software has eaten the world. It's everywhere. And with it, "IP... software deployed to control the conduct of competitors, critics, and customers", embedded everywhere, programmed to be "unblinking, ever-vigilant enforcers for the manufacturer/monopolist’s interests... control beyond the wildest dreams of history’s most sociopathic monopolist".
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